Road Trip

Mastering the Art of Perfect Road Trip Planning

What do we relish about road trips? It’s the liberty to roam. The delight of jumping into a car and venturing into the unknown. For me, road trips epitomize freedom; they embody a society on the move with the luxury of exploration, sightseeing, and experiencing the wonders of our world.

Every day, millions embark on journeys, some to visit a nearby town, others to traverse nations. How do we navigate our travel itineraries? How do we devise a plan that succeeds and enhances each vacation and road trip we undertake?

We adopt principles of management theory focused on perpetual enhancement.

Plan, Do, Sense, Act

That’s right, we’re going to crack open some Demming here and borrow his “Plan Do Sense Act”. Road Trip Planning isn’t about having a plan set in stone but about having an approach to planning that includes flexibility, lessons learned and knowing when to act.

  • Plan: What is our goal, what are some of our objects, where do you want to be? What do you want to do? Let’s develop our hypotheses about our adventure and start putting a plan together of what we want to achieve.
  • Do: test the potential solution, ideally on a small scale, and measure the results. Small-scale is important because you do this on each part of your journey, not just on the overall journey.
  • Sense/Study: study the result, measure effectiveness, and decide whether the hypothesis is supported or not. Did you have fun? Enjoy it? Dislike it?
  • Act: if the solution was successful, implement it. Save it for later and re-use what you have learned for future trips.

You may have read Demming in college, you may have implemented some of his ideas in your place of work or what have you and it’s time we apply this to more than just management theory for work, but management theory for having an awesome road trip.

Now let’s apply some PDSA.

National Parks Road Trips

Taking a road trip to visit National Parks is a beloved tradition. It’s often considered a rite of passage in America to explore a national park after enduring a lengthy drive with family members crammed into a vehicle. Given the current high visitation rates at our National Parks, proper planning, devising alternative options, and having backup plans for those alternatives are essential. Countless factors can disrupt your trip, necessitating changes to your plans, so it’s wise to employ the PDSA cycle to carefully consider your itinerary and develop primary, secondary, and contingency plans.

Road Trip Planning National Park Vacation
Road Trip Planning – White Sands National Park Family Vacation stop on our two-week road trip in ’17

Plan:  Which park(s) are you going to – do you know if its peak/offseason, can you reserve a campsite? Can you reserve a nearby hotel?? Are there food/supplies nearby? Will I need to be aware of wildlife? bears?

Do: Call ahead, make reservations, study peak seasons or off seasons.

Sense: Will the park fit our itinerary? Will it be full? Are there neighboring places we can stay at? camp at? If everything isn’t filling up or its offseason, maybe there is flexibility in this part of your schedule.

Act: Implement your plan. Be open to alternatives.

Gone are the days of just hopping in a car hoping for the best. The odds are you may be sleeping at a Wal-Mart parking lot if you don’t plan accordingly (or if you’re an offseason tourist, more power to ya!).

State Park Road Trip

No Smores for you!

When we went to Davis Mountains State Park, we found out that there was an open fire burn ban. Our kids had long planned to enjoy smores every night and relax around the campfire. We had to produce alternative ideas and plans, and we were able to use charcoal in the fire rings to cook dinner and slow roast s’mores. We planned charcoal for cooking food and since we were using more for other desires (smores and some evening heat), we had to make sure to get more while in town since the closest town and stores were far away. So, while we did miss a nice glowing fire, we made the best of it and made a note to check our reservations at other sites to make sure there were no burn bans and restrictions or that we planned for them accordingly.

Not everything is a dire change or risk, but by keeping track and being aware, you can keep everyone happy and make the best of it. Everything you learn makes it much easier to improve upon and make the best of.

Is this really road trip planning advice?

Absolutely! It’s a framework—a very straightforward one that’s applicable to various situations but is particularly effective for road trip planning. Only you can determine what you wish to do, experience, and see, and where you want to go. The internet is brimming with advice on all these topics, and we encourage you to explore our posts for detailed guides. However, the beauty of PDSA lies in its simplicity as a mental model that helps you organize your adventure both before you set out and after you’ve completed it.

Feedback Loops for success.

Frequently, many of us fall into “Success traps,” where anything less than what we aim to achieve is seen as a failure. However, by implementing the “Plan, Do, Sense, Act” approach, you’re not only mentally preparing for various outcomes but also focusing on an overarching hypothesis—the objective of your journey. This method involves contemplating scenarios beforehand, monitoring them during the experience, summarizing upon return, and reviewing before embarking on the next venture. It’s a cyclical process of perpetual enhancement that can be applied to your adventures. Quite remarkable, don’t you think?

Road Trip Route Planning

There are some amazing tools and services on the internet to help you with route planning. One can use Bing Maps or Google Maps to plot your course, or you can use a system like to map a course, set waypoints and plot out your trip plan as granular as you wish.  Even with these tools, the same planning is highly recommended.

Plan: Use a route planning tool to plan your route. Track stops, fuel, food, destinations.

Do:  Make reservations, make backup stops, make time for rest & recovery days

Sense: Will I want to drive that far in one day? How much fuel will I need? What day of the week is it? Will it be extremely packed on the weekend? Will stores be open on Sunday?

Act: Create a route plan, itinerary, save to mobile device, share with family & friends

On any long road trip, don’t forget to plan for pit stops – not just pit stops for meals, but pit stops for restroom breaks, pit stops to stretch out and pit stops for fuel.  As part of your plan remember that when you’re out west “in the country” you may have to plan for fuel, food, and restroom services. You don’t want to get stuck in the desert because you’re driving out in the middle of nowhere on a Sunday and that one gas station you thought would be open isn’t.

What are the reasons you travel?

Scenic Drive Road Trips

Planning a scenic drive as part of your long road trip or a day trip is a fun way to relax and take it all in. Just remember that you and many other people have the same idea. Use this to your advantage, not as a reason for frustration.

Some of the best advice I ever got while enjoying some of the scenic drives in Alaska was “If you see a few cars pulled over, pull over” – Not for obvious reasons such as someone speeding or a broken-down vehicle (offer some help!) but if you see people parked and pointing at something, pull over and take a look (safely please!).  Following this simple advice, we got to see bears, whales, mountain goats, moose, coyotes, herds of elk and so much more.

Had I just had my eyes on the road or paid attention merely to just what was in front of me I would have missed so much of the experience that I made the drive for, to begin with.  Slow it down, take it all in and use those “rest areas” and “Scenic overlooks”.

Plan: Plan to enjoy the trip, soak in the scenery and expect it to take some time – Be flexible out the door

Do: Set aside time, give a lot of buffers, remember to allow yourself to be in the moment.

Sense: Be flexible – Stop at that coffee shop, visit the “kitschy” store, try that mom and pop restaurant. This is what a road trip is about. Be aware of the distance between cities & stops and make sure you got fuel & water. If you’re out on a Sunday a lot of small towns are reduced services.

Act: Enjoy! Change your plans if you need to!

Looking for some road trip inspiration? Check out these 7 places you need to see on legendary route 1.

Back Country & BLM Road Trips

Back Country Road trips require great planning in advance since these kinds of trips typically do not have any full-service types of options. You’re responsible for packing everything in and everything out. It’s critical that you apply PDSA in all aspects of your back country road trips.

You may be the only one for MILES when on back country, off road or BLM trails. Planning is everything!

Plan: Plan for safety – Do you have everything you need for your trip? Do you have enough water? Emergency supplies? Do you have a GPS App to be able to track where you are and where you need to be?

Do: Prioritize setting up camp, make sure you secure all food, make sure you have a first aid kit and if not within range of cell phone signal or service, have an alternate means of communications.

Sense: Again, be flexible – You’re in self-sustain mode on these kinds of trips. If the weather is bad, make alternative plans and re-plan your PDSA. If something seems risky, it is risky. Re-analyze your situation and make changes accordingly!

When I go back country camping with our rooftop tent camping trailer, I try to make sure that every spot we have is a place that is safe, secure and that I can lock my trailer and chock my wheels. You don’t want to end up at a place where you may get stuck in mud, can’t find a safe spot to set up or find yourself near a swelling river.

It’s the Journey, Not the Destination

Enjoy the moment! The simple concept of the “Plan Do Sense Act” is to give your brain a simple concept to think through to always be working towards your goal – an awesome road trip. When you plan your adventure – even if loosely around this concept every year you can expand upon your experience, lessons learned and be that much more prepared.

PDCA / PDSA is an iterative, four-stage approach for continually improving processes, products, or services, and for resolving problems. It involves systematically testing workable solutions, assessing the results, and implementing the ones that are shown to work.

Not everything is a problem in the sense of a dire issue, a failure to succeed or missed business opportunities or having your competitors pass you buy – but by applying this continuous improvement cycle to your road trip – you can design a system of thought that builds upon knowledge of what works, what doesn’t work and produce ways to make sure all of your trips are an amazing experience.

Let’s expand our “PDSA” to more components of our road trip.

  • Vehicle Maintenance
  • House/Apartment While gone
  • Pet Care while gone
  • Emergency Care
  • Travel Budgets

What would you do if you experienced a vehicle breakdown while on a road trip? Have you thought through PDSA and produced an impact analysis? Can you “Sense” your pros and cons for ways to address potential impacts? Did you Act on them?

Road Trip Plan – Put it on paper!

For PDSA to really shine, you should really have a written plan – either on your favorite notebook/journal or on an easy-to-use electronic device that is quickly accessible, charged, and ready to go.

I really enjoy using OneNote to create checklists and do vacation planning. OneNote is available on Windows, OSX, Android, iOS and over the web and the app syncs for offline viewing so whether you have service or not, you can have access to your road trip plan and share it with friends and family easily.

What would I have in my OneNote?

Pre-Travel Checklist – Make an easy-to-use checklist of things that need to get done. Do pets have a pet sitter? If you’re bringing pets, do you have all their food, current shots, medicine, shelter? Did you arrange for someone to watch your house? Water your lawn? Check your mail while you’re out?

Daily Itinerary Pages – Each day I’d have a simple itinerary of things to see/do, phone numbers for reservations, hotels, campsites. Leave rooms so you can take notes and use these notes for future planning. Maybe even track your fuel and consumables on your daily itinerary so you can spend a few minutes adjusting as necessary. I know when my vehicle is heavily loaded up, I get less gas mileage but if I choose to drive a few miles an hour slower I may improve efficiency and save a few bucks. (And enjoy the journey a bit more)

Post Road Trip Notes – What worked, what didn’t work. What did you plan to do and what did you achieve? Did you run out of money before you thought you would? Was there not enough time to do everything you wanted to do? Were there any vehicle breakdowns or issues that you want to be better prepared for on your next road trip?

We’re working on a public OneNote notebook, and we’ll publish it here soon as a template you can use for your trip planning!

The idea of PDSA is to track what works, what doesn’t work – iterate on improving for your next adventure and using your history of learning to improve your next trips.

Spend a few minutes keeping them updated from start to finish of planning a trip and completing a trip.

Use these plans to optimize your budget & expense tracking.

Create and share a journal with your friends and family. Since you’re tracking everything, you’re now an expert on the road, you can share your dos & don’ts with friends and family.

You can start planning your next adventure and get into the road trip mood long before your foot touches the skinny pedal. A little bit of planning and iterating on your plan over your adventures will go a long way in making your road trips more memorable and fun for the entire family.

Road Trip Books

A comprehensive guide of what to do and what to see on a road trip would end up being a book, so without further ado, here are some books for you to check out if you are interested in ideas and suggestions.

Road Trip USA: Cross-Country Adventures on America’s Two-Lane Highways
  • Jensen, Jamie (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 952 Pages – 03/27/2018 (Publication Date) – Moon Travel (Publisher)
National Geographic Road Atlas 2024: Adventure Edition [United States, Canada, Mexico]
  • Road Atlas – Adventure Edition
  • National Geographic Maps (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 144 Pages – 07/10/2023 (Publication Date) – National Geographic Maps (Publisher)
The Best Coast: A Road Trip Atlas: Illustrated Adventures along the West Coasts Historic Highways (Travel Guide to Washington, Oregon, California & PCH)
  • O’Leary, Chandler (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 224 Pages – 04/09/2019 (Publication Date) – Sasquatch Books (Publisher)

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Do you have any advice for road trip planning? Do you have an adventure you would like to share? Any simple tips or tricks?  Leave a comment below!

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