The Rosette Nebula is a vast cloud of dust and gas that contains the star formation NGC 2244 born from the gas in its interior a mere 500,000 years ago (Super young!). 130 light years across and 5,000 light years from earth, you need modest binoculars or telescope to be able to see & capture this amazing nebula.
It’s fairly well known that Orion is the king of Astrophotography, being one of the most imaged Nebulas, however, I’d wager Rosette is a close 2nd. We’ve imaged this nebula and shared our data to show you how you can process it with an OSC Camera for Triad type filters as well as SHO with an SII filter.
It’s a beautiful nebula to show off what modern OSC cameras can achieve – Not just as processed using a Duo or Trio filter but how to use an S2 filter with your camera and apply that to get full SHO imaging capabilities with your OSC/DSLR camera.
Be sure to download our data, experiment around and share your processing! Leave a comment below or tag us on social media, we love seeing what our readers do!
Download Rosette Nebula Data
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Rosette Data Downloads
- XISF Master was 81×300 Second Subs, Flat and Bias Calibrated.
- Ha, OII was extracted from XISF Master
- SII was obtained from Antlia 3.5nm SII filter – 12×8 minute Subs (semi-processed for ease of use in this guide)
- Master SII contains the integrated master for SII data (unprocessed)
If you wish to experiment with individual calibrated subs, please contact us and we’ll be happy to share them with you!
Simple Rosette Nebula PixInsight Processing Guide
Quick and Dirty processing of Rosette Nebula – I say quick and dirty as these aren’t meant to be comprehensive guides to win you awards for best image – but enough to get you started and show how OSC & Narrowband data can be processed.
In these guides, I assume that you know how to start up pixinsight and you may have done some processing before. If you’re completely new to PixInsight, I highly recommend these books to help you get started.
- Keller, Warren A. (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 452 Pages - 01/03/2019 (Publication Date) - Springer (Publisher)
- Woodhouse, Chris (Author)
- English (Publication Language)
- 432 Pages - 12/12/2017 (Publication Date) - Routledge (Publisher)
If you have any questions or comments, please be sure to leave them below! We’re more than happy to answer them.
Let’s apply the STF stretch so you can see the image.
Our images will have some edges with noise due to dithering. You want to crop these edges before you proceed since they can interfere with processing further down the line.
Trim off a little bit of the edges where we have dither artifacts. This helps with processing later on since Dynamic Background Extraction seems to work better without “noisy edges”
Click the green Checkbox to apply the crop and close out of the dynamic crop tool. (only one dynamic tool can run at a time in pixinsight)
Dynamic Background Extraction
Place some background boxes where there is no nebulosity and no stars.
Click the green Checkbox to remove green background/gradient.
Not bad for just a couple of hours of data with Triad and a simple stretch.
Let’s do an unlinked stretch. With the triad filter, i noticed doing unlinked stretch seemed to separate the white/blue from the reds a bit.
Here I just messed with the histogram a bit to drag the left triangle to the right a bit and the right triangle to the left a little bit. Reduce some of the sky background and increase some of the contrast.
Now we do something similar with basic curves
Let’s remove some of that green tint. For better or worse, I’m just applying it globally. It removes some of the color inside rosette, but corrects some of the background glow. This was an “Easy guide” so we kept it easy.
Let’s drag the triangle from SCNR over the image to apply it.
With curves and selecting saturation, you can make some of the colors really pop.
Here is the Simple Rosette Nebula
Now, I wouldn’t say it is perfect, but otherwise, If I was just learning how to get started and figuring out PixInsight, i’d surely be happy with such an image.
OSC SHO Rosette Processing
When shooting with our Triad Quadband filter the SII data ends up being in the red, so it is mixed with Ha normally and you can’t “mix” it like a Hubble palette SHO. With the help of an Antlia 3.5nm SII filter and some exposures integrated with SII, we can be creative and enjoy many of the palettes often explored by Narrowband Images.
Processing SII with OSC Camera
The following steps/guide show how we built our “Master SII”. If you download our Master SII file, you can experiment/check out what SII looks like acquired from an OSC Camera.
To create the SII masters, we took 12×8 minute sub-exposures and integrated them with WBPP in PixInsight. We selected “SuperPixel” as the debayer method. Once we had a Sii master, we then re-sampled the image by 200% so that it would match our Ha and Oiii masters.
We use SuperPixel Debayer to process individual NB images since its corrects for the Debayer Matrix. The image will be 1/2 the size of your native image, however it can be easily resampled.
When you open the resulting Sii master, it will look like this
Before we run Dynamic Crop and DBE, we’ll re-sample
Drag the resample on top of the master and now we have matching resolutions to work with.
If you pay close attention, you can see artifacts from dithering on the edges – be sure to crop this as needed.
Now we have an image that we’ll split the Channels on
Once you split the channels, the primary channel for SII is R, so rename that Sii
Create S H O Channels
First, we want to extract Ha and OIII from Triad.
Open up the Triad Master
Apply a Dynamic Background Extraction as needed to remove any gradients
Click on Split RGB Channels.
Once you split the channels, you should have images with an R G and B suffice
- Rename R to Ha
- Rename G to Oiii
You can also create a synthetic Oiii by adding G+B (I suggest you experiment, there are endless possibilities here)
Open up the SII master you downloaded or prepared per our notes above as SII
The Sii will need to be star aligned with the Ha sub
Drag the process icon over the Sii and it should create a new Sii_registered. I typically rename that as Sii.
Narrowband Processing with OSC
With your data in Sii, Ha and Oiii, you can now process the Rosette Nebula just like any other NB data.
Example Pixelmath Setup
I’ve circled the important settings for using PixelMath to generate a new image from R G B expressions.
Quick and Dirty SHO – Using pixel math expression
- r = Sii
- G = Ha
- b = Oiii
Hint: Create a mask for the main rosette nebula region, apply mask, use curves to reduce / tone down green and apply saturation stretch
SHO Rosette with ForaxX
This amazing process of our data was done by ForaxX and his great SHO PixelMath combination. It really brought out the colors/texture and made the rosette pop! One of my favorites yet! Full details on his approach to SHO processing are on his blog: PixInsight : Dynamic narrowband combinations with PixelMath (thecoldestnights.com)
OSH Rosette Nebula
Synthwave OSH quick & dirty
- R = Oiii
- G = Sii
- B = Ha
Have fun, remix to your hearts content and please be sure to share your creations!
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